Jump | New Words...
Hi, my name is God's Man and I am a nerd. I love reading and words in general. Especially new words. Today I found these lovelies laying around on the internet.
Deontological ethics or deontology (from Greek deon, "obligation, duty"; and -logia) is the normative ethical position that judges the morality of an action based on the action's adherence to a rule or rules. It is sometimes described as "duty" or "obligation" or "rule" -based ethics, because rules "bind you to your duty". Deontological ethics is commonly contrasted to consequentialism. Deontological ethics is also contrasted to pragmatic ethics.
A teleology is any philosophical account which holds that final causes exist in nature, meaning that design and purpose analogous to that found in human actions are inherent also in the rest of nature. The word comes from the Greek τέλος, telos; root: τελε-, "end, purpose". The adjective "teleological" has a broader usage, for example in discussions where particular ethical theories or types of computer programs are sometimes described as teleological because they involve aiming at goals.
Teleology was explored by Plato and Aristotle, by Saint Anselm around 1000 AD, and later by Immanuel Kant in his Critique of Judgment. It was fundamental to the speculative philosophy of Hegel.
A thing, process or action is teleological when it is for the sake of an end, i.e., a telos or final cause. In general it may be said that there are two types of final causes, which may be called intrinsic finality and extrinsic finality.
I did not know that these 2 words existed before today and while they bear greater study I am richer for finding them. That is one of the best Birthday Gift I could have been given.
This is another great gift for me in case anyone is feeling generous.
Continuing to Jump in June...
I shared this a few Fridays back but since I am talking about words today this seems appropriate. Stephen Fry on Language.